Asprova looks for opportunities to consolidate down-periods by conducting parallel activities such as maintenance and changeovers at the same time. If sanitation takes an entire line down, do maintenance on that portion of the line not involved in sanitation. Look for ways to operate through breaks and shift changes. Not only is productive time lost if you stop during these periods, you may also lose product and suffer some fluctuations in quality. You must also restart equipment, often generating much more maintenance than you would have when running continuously.
To overcome a bottleneck, not all operations need to take advantage of all of these hours, just the bottleneck. Synchronize load based on a pivot resource. Schedule based on the slowest resource, time constrain MAX, multiple operations assigned to a single resource at same time (for instance painting cabin or furnace).